Building construction, the techniques and industry involved in the assembly and erection of structures, primarily those used to provide shelter.
Building construction is an ancient human activity. It began with the purely functional need for a controlled environment to moderate the effects of climate. Constructed shelters were one means by which human beings were able to adapt themselves to a wide variety of climates and become a global species.
The architectural design brief forms the very beginning of the design process. The brief is relevant in both educational and professional settings. Student projects are often based around a real life project, with an imaginary client often included. A live project usually exists in order to fulfil the needs of a client, which then forms the grounding for a project brief.
A thorough and informative design brief is an imperative part of the design process. It is an essential point of reference not only for the architect, but for all people involved in the design and implementation of the project. The more information we can gain from the client in the early stages of design, the more effective our decision making and problem solving process will be.
Mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) systems are an important part of building services and can have many different functions.
Typically designed by specialised consultants and contractors, MEP systems can present complex challenges in terms of coordination and detailing. They must satisfy multiple objectives and criteria for design, installation, commissioning, operation, and maintenance.
Structural design is a highly specialized area of civil engineering. It can be described as a set of methods or tools that are used to determine safe and economical specifications for a structure, and to ensure that a planned structure will be sufficiently strong to carry its intended load. Structural engineers conduct a structural analysis to determine what internal and external forces could affect the structure, then design a structure with the appropriate materials and reinforcements to satisfy the requirements.
There is a strong relationship between the professional disciplines of architecture and structural engineering. While architects are normally tasked with designing the visually appealing features of a project, structural engineers place their focus on strength, durability and safety when designing a building.
Interior design is the art and science of enhancing the interior of a building to achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for the people using the space. An interior designer is someone who plans, researches, coordinates, and manages such projects. Interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes conceptual development, space planning, site inspections, programming, research, communicating with the stakeholders of a project, construction management, and execution of the design.
3D visualization is indispensable at exhibitions and competitions for the quality submission of the project.
Three-dimensional graphics is more informative and clearer than any drawing or layout. It allows seeing the interior from any angle or future construction, organically put in the surrounding environment.
Furniture Design would be largely influenced with 3 D printing. With advancement in 3 D Technology, Furniture designs would be focusing on aspects of space saving, multi utility & recyclable material furniture.
Customizing your furniture according to the space may not be a rocket science but would require adjusting proportional’s of your furniture according to the space. Furniture would be perfectly combined with technology. Furniture would be automatically adjusting its size according to the space available.
Furniture is one aspect of your home which will have advancements in terms of technology, design and shape. The technology which is used to craft the wood in to the referred furniture will change. The tools and machines would be more efficient, providing better finesse and shape; less manual work would be involved and required.There is an example of wall mount study table.
Trade and Commerce Bengal enjoyed prosperity through trade and commerce from time immemorial. The multitude of rivers afforded easy communication for internal trade and Bengal's location on the bay of bengal offered her the opportunity of participating in sea-borne trade and commerce, the tradition of which seems to have been built up from as early as the second millennium BC. The account of Bengal's trade and commerce is given below in two sections.